Two Guys on Your Head

Each week on Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, explore different aspects of human behavior and the brain.

In conversations hosted by producer Rebecca McInroy, the two renowned psychologists cover everything from the effects of sugar on the brain, to what's happening in our minds while we sleep, and much, much more.

Listen to the Two Guys in the posts below, or subscribe to podcasts via iTunes

We'd love to know what you're curious about!  Email us your topics and suggestions at twoguys@kut.org. And follow Two Guys on Twitter: @2GoYH

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Two Guys on Your Head
7:14 am
Fri April 17, 2015

Does Money Really Make You Happy?

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The idea that money doesn't make you happy is easy to get behind if you have it, but if you don't it can be a hard concept to buy into (pun intended). Yet the correlation between money and happiness is more complicated then one might think.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the relationship between money, security, opportunity, memory and happiness.

Two Guys on Your Head
4:16 pm
Fri April 10, 2015

Walking Together v. Tug-of-War: The Psychology of Negotiation

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Negotiations are everywhere, in almost every element of our daily lives, but how do we understand negotiations? It turns out that the way we frame the idea of negotiation has a lot to do with how we understand value and happiness.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various elements of negotiation.

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Two Guys on Your Head
4:27 pm
Fri April 3, 2015

The Economics of Our Relationships

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What is the value of our relationships? As it turns out, the way we answer that question defines the relationship itself.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the various ways we understand the economics of the relationships in our lives, and why the value of community should never be underestimated.

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Two Guys on Your Head
4:59 pm
Fri March 13, 2015

How To Catch A Liar

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There's no such thing as a "tell." For example, when people look up, fidget or stutter they might just be nervous, and not exactly lying. However, because we rely on the truth to make our culture go round, it might make our lives easier if we could just spot a liar out of the crowd.

As it turns out you can tell if people are telling the truth or not, but it takes some skill, time and knowledge.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about lying, and a new study that reveals a more accurate way to catch someone in a lie.

Two Guys on Your Head
5:07 pm
Thu March 5, 2015

Do We Need Less Sleep As We Age?

If you're interested in the health of your brain, it's likely that you've read a study or two about the cognitive benefits of sleep.

Yet a new study published in Perspectives on Psychological Science suggests that we may not reap the wonderfully cleansing and rejuvenating rewards of sleep in old age.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why needing a lot of sleep in old age might not be such a good sign.

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Two Guys on Your Head
3:21 pm
Fri February 27, 2015

Harnessing the Power of the Placebo

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There are a lot of factors that help to regulate our overall heath and wellness. If we are content in our life and relationships, we are more likely to be healthy.

If we exercise and eat well, we reap the benefits in our mind and body. And, as recent studies by Ted Kaptchuck and others show, if we take medications or supplements, even if they're nothing but rice powder and sugar, we can feel better.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why taking placebos somehow makes us feel healthier.

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Two Guys on Your Head
4:56 pm
Thu February 19, 2015

The Psychology of Forgiveness

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"She hit me first!” “He never said he was sorry!” "She doesn’t care if I forgive her, so why should I?”

From the time we are very small, our interpersonal relationships are based on conflict. But in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychological purpose of forgiveness.

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Two Guys on Your Head
2:01 pm
Fri February 13, 2015

Why Do We Make Assumptions About People?

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Did you ever have a relationship that makes you cringe thinking back on it? What did I ever even see in that person? you ask yourself. Good news though: You don't have to wallow in self-pity for long, because it turns out that we can overlook almost anything if we want to.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we wear "rose colored glasses," or are sometimes repulsed by certain people seemingly without reason.

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Two Guys on Your Head
8:12 am
Fri February 6, 2015

Probability or Serendipity? Why Coincidences Aren't All That Coincidental

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Have you ever thought of a friend you haven't seen in a long time only to run into them the same day? Have you ever thought of a historical figure and had that same person be a clue in the New York Times crossword puzzle?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the psychology behind coincidence and why looking at the world through a more mathematical lens might help people see things differently.

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Two Guys on Your Head
11:40 am
Fri January 30, 2015

How To Keep Paranoia At Bay

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Paranoia is an interesting feeling. People can, and often do, spin stories about almost anything. But most of the time, in functioning brains, people can check their stories with others to "collaborate" with reality, making them less likely to spiral downward into a paranoid state.

However, if cognitive functioning is impaired (from not getting enough sleep, drinking or drugs, or mental illness) it's more difficult to check in, and paranoid thoughts can run wild.

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Two Guys on Your Head
8:48 am
Fri January 23, 2015

How to Temper a Tantrum

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There's a time during childhood when something as innocuous as an impending bedtime can cause uncontrollable tears, screaming and thrashing. The question for parents and caregivers is: What's the best way to deal with a tantrum?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why people throw temper tantrums and how to deal with them in the future.

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Two Guys on Your Head
2:38 pm
Fri January 16, 2015

Who Am I? Where Am I? What's Amnesia?

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If you love soap operas, you are well aware that 1 in 10 people are likely to suffer head trauma and completely forget whether they are supposed to marry Brad, Bo, or Branna. But in real life that type of retrograde amnesia is not that common at all.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the different types of amnesia and how we know what we do about memory loss.

Two Guys on Your Head
4:57 pm
Fri January 9, 2015

How Tongue Twisters Tie Us In Knots

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"He slit a sheet, a sheet he slit, upon a slitted sheet he sits." Okay now, five times fast.

Tongue twisters and rhymes are a great way to entertain yourself and your friends at parties and on long road trips, but what makes for a good tongue twister and how do they work in the brain?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why tongue twisters are so effective, and why rhymes are so attractive.

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Two Guys on Your Head
11:56 am
Fri December 19, 2014

Need A Couple Doctors For The Holidays?

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As a gift to our listeners, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke bring you a special holiday edition of Two Guys On Your Head. We'll explore questions about the link between freewill and gratitude, why we feel so compelled to recreate traditions exactly as we remember them, and why yawning is contagious. Plus, we'll take a trip to The Thinkery with Dr. Cristine Legare.

It's the holidays so let's celebrate with Two Guys on Your Head!

Two Guys on Your Head
1:45 pm
Fri December 12, 2014

Why Not All Memories Are Created Equal

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A lot of times we may think our memories are accurate. We might rely on eye witness testimony to tell us the “truth” about what happened at a crime scene.

Yet, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke point out in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, our memories of certain events depend more on our interpretation of them, rather then how the events may have played out at the time.

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Two Guys on Your Head
9:50 am
Fri December 5, 2014

How Self-Delusion Can Lead to Self-Discovery

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Merriam-Webster defines delusion as “a belief that is not true; a false idea.”

Being tagged as delusional can carry a negative connotation, but delusions can also breed positive outcomes, allowing a person to self-define in a way that could allow them to step out of their behavioral wheelhouse and reinvent themselves.

On this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman sit down with KUT’s Rebecca McInroy to explore human perception, how we objectively measure reality and how perception can sometimes lead to delusion.

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Two Guys on Your Head
10:05 am
Thu November 27, 2014

The Psychological Dynamics of Thanksgiving

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For many of us, Thanksgiving means spending time with our families, carrying out traditions that we’ve practiced for years.

While it can be very stressful, messy, and challenging to spend time with family members you don’t see very often, it can also be a beautiful time of re-centering. 

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Two Guys on Your Head
11:48 am
Fri November 21, 2014

Why We Go To Extremes

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Why are extreme sports, like cross fit, rock climbing, snowboarding, mountaineering, rafting, cave diving, wakeboarding and even surfing so popular?  Well, it’s not just that they’re cool.

Activities that we can include in the category of extreme sports are all very physically challenging and involve some element of risk. But how could anyone's idea of thrill-seeking also be potentially life-threatening?

This week, the Two Guys, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, discuss the appeal of extreme sports. 

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Two Guys on Your Head
8:12 am
Fri November 14, 2014

How to Protect Your Brain as You Age

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Time marches on and, whether we like it or not, we age.
With age comes a decline in both physical abilities and mental acuity. Memory and cognition peak in our early twenties, then we begin a slow, steady decline of those functions as we approach our senior years. 

This week on "Two Guys on Your Head," Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke join host Rebecca McInroy to discuss how physical and mental stimuli can help combat the signs and symptoms of old age, stave off memory loss and help you be at your best well into your golden years.

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Two Guys on Your Head
12:42 pm
Fri November 7, 2014

A Brief History of Artificial Intelligence

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The human brain is perhaps the most complicated machine in the known universe, and the way we sometimes try to understand it’s capacity is to liken it to the most sophisticated artifacts we’ve created. The brain is hence “like a computer” and no longer like the “steam engine” it was compared to in the late 19th century.

The circuitry in the brain is made up of pretty basic materials, so it’s understandable that we would try to replicate it.  Yet it seems the more we learn about the brain, the more complex it becomes.The development of A.I., while it brings about a better understanding of how our brains work, it also generates more questions about what it means to be human.

What counts as “human”? Why is intelligence the marker of humanity? And what types of questions are currently vexing computer scientists, psychologists, and philosophers about A.I.?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take us through a brief history of the development of artificial intelligence, and pose some interesting questions about where we might be headed.

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