Two Guys on Your Head

Two Guys on Your Head
11:24 am
Fri May 22, 2015

Why Seeing Isn't Believing

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Philosophers have long proposed that there is no objective reality. And now science agrees — at least as far as our personal experiences are concerned.

Perception is the process of interpreting our present environment through the lens of our past experiences. Everything we sense, think, feel, and even remember, actually arises in response to a combination of what is currently happening and our stored long-term memories. 

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Bob Duke and Dr. Art Markman discuss the evolutionary advantages of flexible perception, and how this process can influence both our behavior and modern day society.

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Two Guys on Your Head
12:51 pm
Fri May 15, 2015

'I'm as Mad as Hell, and I'm Not Going to Take This Anymore!"

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Do ever get that burning feeling in your stomach that a situation just isn't fair and you must react? That feeling is an important part of our motivational system, and something we as humans evolved to protect.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss how defiance may be best viewed, and responded to, as a reassertion of autonomy in situations where people feel a loss of control and self-identity. 

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Two Guys on Your Head
12:53 pm
Fri May 8, 2015

Egocentric Bias: Why You Think You Invented the Internet, and Why You're Kinda Right

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Have you ever worked with a group of people on a project and really felt like you carried the lion's share of the weight? And then you think back on it and realize you always do more, you always have the great idea, and you never get the recognition you rightfully deserve?

It might be that you are both the problem and the solution.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychology of egocentric bias. It can be pretty destructive, but not necessarily in ways we predict.

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Two Guys on Your Head
10:31 am
Fri May 1, 2015

Debunking the Myths About Different Learning Styles

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Are you an auditory learner or a visual learner?  If you answered, "yes," you'd be right. That's because we use all our senses to learn and process information.

In this edition of Two Guys On Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke dispel the myths behind learning styles preferences: In fact, they don’t really exist. 

Our reliance on the theories of learning styles to explain our success or failure of understanding certain information is actually more about serving our human need to put things into categories – combined with our need to explain things when they don’t work. 

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Two Guys on Your Head
12:55 pm
Fri April 24, 2015

Why 'Reading' Audiobooks Isn't a Shortcut: Listening vs. Reading, and Your Brain

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Have you ever told someone, "Hey, I read that book!" then continued with a guilty, "...well, I listened to the audio version." 

It's time to wash that guilt right out of your soul, because in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about how our brains process information differently based on how we consume it.

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Two Guys on Your Head
7:14 am
Fri April 17, 2015

Does Money Really Make You Happy?

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The idea that money doesn't make you happy is easy to get behind if you have it, but if you don't it can be a hard concept to buy into (pun intended). Yet the correlation between money and happiness is more complicated then one might think.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the relationship between money, security, opportunity, memory and happiness.

Two Guys on Your Head
4:16 pm
Fri April 10, 2015

Walking Together v. Tug-of-War: The Psychology of Negotiation

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Negotiations are everywhere, in almost every element of our daily lives, but how do we understand negotiations? It turns out that the way we frame the idea of negotiation has a lot to do with how we understand value and happiness.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss the various elements of negotiation.

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Two Guys on Your Head
4:27 pm
Fri April 3, 2015

The Economics of Our Relationships

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What is the value of our relationships? As it turns out, the way we answer that question defines the relationship itself.

In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the various ways we understand the economics of the relationships in our lives, and why the value of community should never be underestimated.

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Two Guys on Your Head
4:59 pm
Fri March 13, 2015

How To Catch A Liar

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There's no such thing as a "tell." For example, when people look up, fidget or stutter they might just be nervous, and not exactly lying. However, because we rely on the truth to make our culture go round, it might make our lives easier if we could just spot a liar out of the crowd.

As it turns out you can tell if people are telling the truth or not, but it takes some skill, time and knowledge.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about lying, and a new study that reveals a more accurate way to catch someone in a lie.

Two Guys on Your Head
5:07 pm
Thu March 5, 2015

Do We Need Less Sleep As We Age?

If you're interested in the health of your brain, it's likely that you've read a study or two about the cognitive benefits of sleep.

Yet a new study published in Perspectives on Psychological Science suggests that we may not reap the wonderfully cleansing and rejuvenating rewards of sleep in old age.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why needing a lot of sleep in old age might not be such a good sign.

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Two Guys on Your Head
3:21 pm
Fri February 27, 2015

Harnessing the Power of the Placebo

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There are a lot of factors that help to regulate our overall heath and wellness. If we are content in our life and relationships, we are more likely to be healthy.

If we exercise and eat well, we reap the benefits in our mind and body. And, as recent studies by Ted Kaptchuck and others show, if we take medications or supplements, even if they're nothing but rice powder and sugar, we can feel better.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why taking placebos somehow makes us feel healthier.

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Two Guys on Your Head
4:56 pm
Thu February 19, 2015

The Psychology of Forgiveness

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"She hit me first!” “He never said he was sorry!” "She doesn’t care if I forgive her, so why should I?”

From the time we are very small, our interpersonal relationships are based on conflict. But in this edition of Two Guys on Your Head Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the psychological purpose of forgiveness.

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Two Guys on Your Head
2:01 pm
Fri February 13, 2015

Why Do We Make Assumptions About People?

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Did you ever have a relationship that makes you cringe thinking back on it? What did I ever even see in that person? you ask yourself. Good news though: You don't have to wallow in self-pity for long, because it turns out that we can overlook almost anything if we want to.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why we wear "rose colored glasses," or are sometimes repulsed by certain people seemingly without reason.

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Two Guys on Your Head
8:12 am
Fri February 6, 2015

Probability or Serendipity? Why Coincidences Aren't All That Coincidental

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Have you ever thought of a friend you haven't seen in a long time only to run into them the same day? Have you ever thought of a historical figure and had that same person be a clue in the New York Times crossword puzzle?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the psychology behind coincidence and why looking at the world through a more mathematical lens might help people see things differently.

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Two Guys on Your Head
11:40 am
Fri January 30, 2015

How To Keep Paranoia At Bay

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Paranoia is an interesting feeling. People can, and often do, spin stories about almost anything. But most of the time, in functioning brains, people can check their stories with others to "collaborate" with reality, making them less likely to spiral downward into a paranoid state.

However, if cognitive functioning is impaired (from not getting enough sleep, drinking or drugs, or mental illness) it's more difficult to check in, and paranoid thoughts can run wild.

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Two Guys on Your Head
8:48 am
Fri January 23, 2015

How to Temper a Tantrum

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There's a time during childhood when something as innocuous as an impending bedtime can cause uncontrollable tears, screaming and thrashing. The question for parents and caregivers is: What's the best way to deal with a tantrum?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about why people throw temper tantrums and how to deal with them in the future.

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Two Guys on Your Head
2:38 pm
Fri January 16, 2015

Who Am I? Where Am I? What's Amnesia?

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If you love soap operas, you are well aware that 1 in 10 people are likely to suffer head trauma and completely forget whether they are supposed to marry Brad, Bo, or Branna. But in real life that type of retrograde amnesia is not that common at all.

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke talk about the different types of amnesia and how we know what we do about memory loss.

Two Guys on Your Head
4:57 pm
Fri January 9, 2015

How Tongue Twisters Tie Us In Knots

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"He slit a sheet, a sheet he slit, upon a slitted sheet he sits." Okay now, five times fast.

Tongue twisters and rhymes are a great way to entertain yourself and your friends at parties and on long road trips, but what makes for a good tongue twister and how do they work in the brain?

In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, talk about why tongue twisters are so effective, and why rhymes are so attractive.

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Two Guys on Your Head
11:56 am
Fri December 19, 2014

Need A Couple Doctors For The Holidays?

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As a gift to our listeners, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke bring you a special holiday edition of Two Guys On Your Head. We'll explore questions about the link between freewill and gratitude, why we feel so compelled to recreate traditions exactly as we remember them, and why yawning is contagious. Plus, we'll take a trip to The Thinkery with Dr. Cristine Legare.

It's the holidays so let's celebrate with Two Guys on Your Head!

Two Guys on Your Head
1:45 pm
Fri December 12, 2014

Why Not All Memories Are Created Equal

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A lot of times we may think our memories are accurate. We might rely on eye witness testimony to tell us the “truth” about what happened at a crime scene.

Yet, as Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke point out in this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, our memories of certain events depend more on our interpretation of them, rather then how the events may have played out at the time.

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