Across the country and here in Texas, counties have been setting up special courts specifically for veterans in recent years.
Those veterans that go through the court have to stick with a series of commitments to avoid jail time.
Travis County has had a veterans court since 2010. Two more Central Texas counties will open their own courts in the coming months.
At the Travis County veterans court, people clap each time a vet walks back to his or her seat from the judge’s bench because they've completed one of the phases of the program.
On a recent Thursday, Omar Lopez, who's been out of the Navy for seven years, gave a graduation speech. He mentioned six recent accomplishments – among them, staying sober for the past 14 months.
More than 10 counties in Texas have veterans court programs. Hays County will start one later this month, and Williamson plans to start one later this year.
"There’s a significant drawdown of the armed services, and so these people are coming back into the community," says Jackson Glass, the manager for Travis County’s Veterans Court. "So what we’ve seen is a wave of combat vets and having difficulties adjusting, which frequently leads to them getting arrested."
Glass says the idea isn't to punish the veterans.
"The idea is that we all are joining together to create a support system for these men and women who have lacked that since they got out of the military," he says. "So the primary thing is letting them know, 'Hey, we’re here to help you and get you through this.'"
Veterans have to meet certain criteria to qualify for the court: an overseas deployment in a combat or hazardous area, a diagnosis including PTSD or traumatic brain injury and the offense that got the veteran arrested has to be connected to the diagnosis.
Christopher Martinez also graduated the same day Lopez did and told his story.
"I would just really like to take the time to thank everybody for the opportunity to learn from my mistake," Martinez said in the third-floor court room. "Dec. 7, 2012 was the night I got pulled over and received a [DWI]."
Martinez served in the Marines and was deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. He's been out for five years and has been sober for seven months.
"I find that getting pulled over that night was a huge blessing in disguise," he said. "I was able to learn from my mistake again and reach down deep inside and figure out what it was that was causing me to drink."
Judge Mike Denton presides over the Travis County court. A veteran himself, he says people on the street are increasingly unfamiliar with life as a veteran.
"If you look at the number of people that went to combat in World War II, Korea, Vietnam and now, it’s been a steadily declining number," Denton says.
The Texas Legislature passed a law allowing veterans courts back in 2009, but Judge Denton says they didn’t get much more than that authority. He testified at a Legislative hearing earlier this month.
"We all set them up quite frankly on our own without a lot of guidance and so we’re not all the same," he says. "And so one thing we probably need to do is working through the Legislature is come up with a standardized court system for veterans so any county that wanted to follow suit could set one up without having to go through the hurdles that we had to overcome."
Travis County Constable Maria Canchola knows well the tolls that military life take on a person.
Her husband is a Vietnam vet who grappled with PTSD. She’s one of the veterans court’s founders, along with then constable, now Travis County Tax Assessor Bruce Elfant.
She tears up when asked what it's like for her when she sees veterans graduate.
"Very emotional when I hear them thank the court for letting them have their lives back. That means a great deal to me and to everyone who worked on the court," Canchola says.
Even as some veterans finish, others are just getting started, like Donny Hilliard, who did two tours in Iraq.
"This is my first time I’ve ever been in trouble or done anything," Hilliard says.
He says he wants to finish the program as fast as possible to avoid the time away from his business. Hilliard says one of the biggest challenges of life in the civilian world is getting used to how little people respect each other.
"If you don’t look out for the person to the left or right of you then you’re pretty much not looking out for yourself," Hilliard says. "And in the civilian life, everybody looks out for themselves and they have that one-track mind to where in the military you’re looking out and you’re looking out for everybody."
Perhaps veterans find a sense of community at this court. They have to stick to a strict schedule of court visits and counseling. But every two weeks, a cheer goes up for the vets who get through it.