Two Guys on Your Head http://kut.org en Why Being Put On Hold is So Frustrating http://kut.org/post/why-being-put-hold-so-frustrating <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">Horrible music, incredible wait times and an inscrutable</span><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;labyrinth of phone prompts: We've all experienced the frustrations of being on hold. Even when we're on hold for a minute or so, blood pressure can spike when an automated voice answers the phone.</span></p><p>Why is being on hold so annoying? <a href="https://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman">Dr. Art&nbsp;Markman</a>&nbsp;and<a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">&nbsp;Dr. Bob Duke</a>&nbsp;<span style="line-height: 1.5;">will be with you shortly to explain it.&nbsp;</span></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/145302963&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 18 Apr 2014 13:14:23 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 10248 at http://kut.org Why Being Put On Hold is So Frustrating How to Deal With Road Rage http://kut.org/post/how-deal-road-rage <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">Austin is now ranked as the fourth worst city in the nation for traffic. According to an annual </span><a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/jimgorzelany/2014/03/04/the-most-traffic-jammed-cities-in-the-u-s/" style="line-height: 1.5;">traffic scorecard</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">, Austinites waste an average of 41 hours in traffic annually.&nbsp;</span></p><p>It’s no wonder then that we're encountering more vehicular aggression on overcrowded Austin roads. So what’s happening in our brains when we encounter that familiar feeling of intense frustration we call road rage? The Two Guys on Your Head, <a href="https://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman">Dr. Art Markman</a> and <a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">Dr. Bob Duke</a>, break it down in this week’s episode.<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/144101623&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:58:01 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 10196 at http://kut.org How to Deal With Road Rage Why Meetings Feel Like They Take Forever - and How to Fight That http://kut.org/post/why-meetings-feel-they-take-forever-and-how-fight <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">Does size matter when it comes to meetings?&nbsp;</span></p><p>Actually, yes.&nbsp;It’s not a myth.&nbsp;Contrary to popular belief, when it comes to meetings, it’s better to keep it on the small side. Short and sweet is best.</p><p>Efficiency of the shared time spent during a meeting is a primary determinant of its potential for effectiveness.&nbsp;The Two Guys,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.utexas.edu/gamechangers/past-speakers/art-markman">Dr. Art&nbsp;Markman</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">Dr. Bob Duke</a>, break down the best practices to ensure that the meetings you call will achieve their intended purpose.&nbsp;</p><p>Give it a listen.<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/142930906&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p></p><p> Fri, 04 Apr 2014 13:52:22 +0000 Rebecca McInroy 10118 at http://kut.org Why Meetings Feel Like They Take Forever - and How to Fight That How Metaphors Transform Simple Words Into Complex Concepts http://kut.org/post/how-metaphors-transform-simple-words-complex-concepts <p>Ever have those moments when you just can’t find the right words to express your thoughts? They happen. Articulation isn’t always easy.</p><p>Sometimes, words or language alone can't accurately express the complexity of thought.&nbsp;At those times, it can be very helpful to use an analogy or a metaphor to illustrate the fullness of the concept being expressed. Analogies and metaphors allow us to communicate complex concepts or ideas that transcend simple words.&nbsp;</p><p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">If you have a desire to develop good analogies or metaphors, the Two Guys on Your Head,&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.utexas.edu/gamechangers/past-speakers/art-markman" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Art&nbsp;Markman</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;and&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Bob Duke</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">, have some tips that will blow your mind – metaphorically speaking.&nbsp;</span><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/140678644&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 21 Mar 2014 13:15:47 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 10013 at http://kut.org How Metaphors Transform Simple Words Into Complex Concepts How Our Brains Process Time http://kut.org/post/how-our-brains-process-time <p>Time flies when you're having fun, the old saying goes. But how can time – maybe the most fundamental concept of the universe – feel different under different conditions?</p><p>Our brains perceive time differently in different circumstances. When we pay close attention to something, tedium can set in and it can feel like time slows to a crawl.</p><p>Conversely, if our lives demand we juggle several different things at once, we tend to pay less attention to some activities – and time races by in a flash.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/139098195&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 14 Mar 2014 14:02:11 +0000 Alicia Choina & Rebecca McInroy 9964 at http://kut.org How Our Brains Process Time How Going Out is Good for Your Brain http://kut.org/post/how-going-out-good-your-brain <p>Human beings are a social species. Our natural programming requires a certain amount of social contact with other people.&nbsp;</p><p>Shared experiences are simply a fundamental component of our needs as humans.&nbsp;We don’t just have a need for direct interaction and verbal communication either – there's all sorts of nonverbal communicative actions we take in the presence of others that we wouldn’t do alone.</p><p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">In this installment of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take us through the psychological benefits of "going out" and mingling with our fellow humans.</span><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/138371505&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 07 Mar 2014 14:50:26 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 9913 at http://kut.org How Going Out is Good for Your Brain How to Crush Writer's Block http://kut.org/post/how-crush-writers-block <p>Writer’s block! That phrase might induce panic and a recollection of a familiar experience. It’s a very common phenomenon. So what is it?</p><p>When in the beginning stages of undertaking a new writing project, a writer might find themselves blocked – stuck in front of a blank page or screen with no thoughts coming to mind. This lack of creative flow is further exacerbated by anxiety over the lack of production – making it a self-perpetuating cycle that can lead to stagnation.&nbsp;</p><p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the ins and outs of how and why we sometimes get stuck – and what we can do to help ourselves in those difficult situations.</span>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/137107341&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 28 Feb 2014 15:09:05 +0000 Alicia Choina & Rebecca McInroy 9868 at http://kut.org How to Crush Writer's Block Why All Praise is Not Created Equal http://kut.org/post/why-all-praise-not-created-equal <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">“Hey, you’re smart!”&nbsp; That feels good to hear, doesn’t it?&nbsp; Praise always feels good, but not all praise motivates us to try new things, challenge ourselves, or deal with failure.</span></p><p>In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss how to praise in a productive and meaningful way.</p><p>In summary, when giving or receiving praise, it’s a helpful skill to think about where that praise is directed. &nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/136007531&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 21 Feb 2014 16:24:57 +0000 Alicia Choina & Rebecca McInroy 9826 at http://kut.org Why All Praise is Not Created Equal Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go http://kut.org/post/life-after-loss-how-reshape-move-and-let-it-go <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">A traumatic event in life is like a scratch on a record. Every time the record player, or your mind, runs over the scratch, it skips.&nbsp; </span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">This skipping record thought pattern is called rumination. Until we’re able to fill the scratch, it will keep skipping. So how do we fill the scratch, move on and heal?</span></p><p>On this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, <a href="http://www.utexas.edu/gamechangers/past-speakers/art-markman">Dr. Art Markman</a> and <a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">Dr. Bob Duke</a> talk about the various ways we live with and explain grief, and they offer some strategies that might help it make sense.<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/134794117&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 14 Feb 2014 16:28:39 +0000 Rebecca McInroy 9786 at http://kut.org Life After Loss: How to Reshape, Move On and Let it Go Why Personality Tests Don't Tell What You Need To Know http://kut.org/post/why-personality-tests-dont-tell-what-you-need-know <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">When it comes to the Myers-Briggs personality type test, are you an introvert or an extrovert? Do you focus on sensing, or do you use your intuition to interpret information that you absorb?&nbsp; </span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">Does it matter?&nbsp; Why is it so entertaining and satisfying for some people to answer these questions about themselves and others in their lives?&nbsp;</span></p><p>Listen to the show and let the Two Guys, <a href="http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman">Dr. Art Markman</a> and <a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">Dr. Bob Duke</a>, demystify the wiry world of &nbsp;personality tests for you.<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/133593745&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 07 Feb 2014 20:21:02 +0000 Rebecca McInroy 9738 at http://kut.org Why Personality Tests Don't Tell What You Need To Know What's Going On Inside the Adolescent Brain? http://kut.org/post/whats-going-inside-adolescent-brain <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="329" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/kO4pcxrVobs" width="585"></iframe></p><p>There’s endless questions we could ask about how the brain works. A particularly interesting one: what's unique about the brain during adolescence?</p><p>During adolescence our brains are wired differently than adult brains will be&nbsp;–&nbsp;and for good reason. In adolescence our brains are in a process of development – so we’re less inhibited, allowing us to take the risks we need to learn about the world. In addition, the difference in brain physiology has other ramifications on behavior and needs. Ignoring them can make life more difficult for kids and parents.</p><p> Fri, 31 Jan 2014 14:40:49 +0000 Rebecca McInroy 8638 at http://kut.org Debunking Myths Behind Different Learning Styles http://kut.org/post/debunking-myths-behind-different-learning-styles <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">Are you an auditory learner or a visual learner?&nbsp; If you answered "yes" you would be right. That's because w</span><span style="line-height: 1.5;">e use <em>all</em> our senses to learn and process information.</span></p><p>In this edition of Two Guys On Your Head,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman">Dr. Art Markman</a> and <a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">Dr. Bob Duke</a> dispel the myths behind learning styles preferences: they don’t really exist.&nbsp;</p><p>Our reliance on the theories of learning styles to explain our success or failure of understanding certain information is actually serving our human need to put things into categories –&nbsp;combined with our need to explain things when they don’t work.&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/131138776&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 24 Jan 2014 16:59:55 +0000 Rebecca McInroy 9636 at http://kut.org Debunking Myths Behind Different Learning Styles I Think I'm Thinking, Therefore I Am? http://kut.org/post/i-think-im-thinking-therefore-i-am <p>As human beings, we are, in fact, creatures.&nbsp; Like any other living organism, energy conservation is of highest priority to our vibrant being, whether we are consciously aware of that fact and its influence over our behavior or not.&nbsp; So, how does that affect our decisions in life?&nbsp;</p><p>In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, <a href="http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman">Dr. Art Markman</a> and <a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">Dr. Bob Duke</a> discuss two great minds in psychology, and the founders of Behavioral Economics, <a href="https://www.princeton.edu/~kahneman/">Daniel Kahneman</a> and <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amos_Tversky">Amos Tversky</a>.<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/129863281&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Thu, 16 Jan 2014 21:50:52 +0000 Rebecca McInroy 9571 at http://kut.org I Think I'm Thinking, Therefore I Am? Does Money Really Make You Happy? http://kut.org/post/does-money-really-make-you-happy <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">The idea that money doesn't make you happy is easy to get behind if you have it, but if you don't it can be a hard concept to buy into (pun intended). Yet the correlation between money and happiness is more complicated then one might think.</span></p><p>In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head <a href="http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman">Dr. Art Markman </a>and <a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">Dr. Bob Duke</a> explain the relationship between money, security, opportunity, memory, and happiness.</p> Fri, 10 Jan 2014 17:03:20 +0000 Rebecca McInroy 9516 at http://kut.org Does Money Really Make You Happy? Why We Crave Sugar http://kut.org/post/why-we-crave-sugar <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">Why is it hard to have just one of those delicious slices of pound cake over the holidays? Well, it turns out it has less to do with the creamy butter and more to do with the way our brains react to those sweet white grains of sugar.</span></p><p>In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head,&nbsp;<a href="http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman">Dr. Art&nbsp;Markman</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">Dr. Bob Duke</a>&nbsp;discuss the ways our brains respond to sugar by releasing&nbsp;<a href="http://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/dopamine">dopamine</a>.</p><p>While we may think this dopamine is supposed to make us feel good, what the chemicals in our brains are trying to do is to teach us that this sugar is a good thing and that we want more of it for our survival.</p><p>This might have been beneficial to us 150,000 years ago, but with sweets in every candy dish, gas station and coffee shop, craving sugar has its consequences.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/127693728&amp;color=ff6600&amp;auto_play=false&amp;show_artwork=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 03 Jan 2014 15:20:36 +0000 Rebecca McInroy 9477 at http://kut.org Why We Crave Sugar