Alicia Choina http://kut.org en How To Deal With Jerks http://kut.org/post/how-deal-jerks <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">Don’t we all hate having to deal with jerks? Everyone has some unpleasant person that they encounter frequently in life and would rather not.&nbsp;</span></p><p>Fact is, we constantly encounter an endless variety of people with an endless variety of attitudes, perspectives and beliefs that – in all realistic possibility – will differ from the attitudes that we carry for the moment.&nbsp;</p><p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">This week, the Two Guys On Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke, will toss around the topic of jerks –&nbsp;and provide some insightful, doctor prescribed strategies for handling difficult people in our lives.</span>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/159241894&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 18 Jul 2014 14:19:48 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 10812 at http://kut.org How To Deal With Jerks Why We Can't Multitask (But Think We Can) http://kut.org/post/why-we-cant-multitask-think-we-can <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">Do you take pride in your ability to divide your focus and energy into more than one task at a time? Do you think you’re a good </span>multitasker<span style="line-height: 1.5;">? </span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">Chances are, you’re probably not.</span></p><p>We sat down with two experts&nbsp;<span style="line-height: 1.5;">– the Two Guys,&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.utexas.edu/gamechangers/past-speakers/art-markman" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Art Markman</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;and&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.utexas.edu/opa/experts/profile.php?id=104" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Robert Duke</a>&nbsp;<span style="line-height: 1.5;">–</span><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;to take a closer look at the topic of multitasking. Their take offers a perspective into some of the unique issues associated with multitasking.</span></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/158163668&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 11 Jul 2014 18:51:18 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 10772 at http://kut.org Why We Can't Multitask (But Think We Can) Why We're More Influential Than We May Think http://kut.org/post/why-were-more-influential-we-may-think <p>Being the incredibly social species that we are, we humans simply cannot avoid influencing one another when we interact. Influence is inevitable.&nbsp;</p><p>The question then becomes, since influence is inevitable in human interaction, can we achieve the kind of influence that we intend to have, or that we might think we have in the world?&nbsp;</p><p>On this week’s show, the Two Guys on Your Head, <a href="http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman">Dr. Art Markman</a> and <a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">Dr. Bob Duke</a>, influence our understanding of the different functions and effects of influence in our lives.<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/157199041&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 04 Jul 2014 13:11:22 +0000 Alicia Choina & Rebecca McInroy 10733 at http://kut.org Why We're More Influential Than We May Think Jean Piaget and the Journey from Infancy to Adulthood http://kut.org/post/jean-piaget-and-journey-infancy-adulthood <p>Swiss psychiatrist Jean Piaget was born in 1896, and died in 1980.&nbsp;His background was in biology, but he became fascinated with studying the psychological development of children.</p><p>Piaget was a transformational researcher in the field of child developmental psychology.&nbsp;In fact, he is still, to this day, the most cited psychologist in the field.</p><p>So what exactly did Piaget do?&nbsp; How did he change our understanding of human brain development from infancy to adulthood? &nbsp;<span style="line-height: 1.5;">In this edition of&nbsp; Two Guys on Your Head&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Art&nbsp;Markman</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;and&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Bob Duke</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;talk about Jean Piaget and his impact on the field of cognitive psychology.</span></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/155220926&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 20 Jun 2014 14:00:15 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 10643 at http://kut.org Jean Piaget and the Journey from Infancy to Adulthood How Our Senses Work Together to Keep Us Sane http://kut.org/post/how-our-senses-work-together-keep-us-sane <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">Have you ever taken a moment to consider the incredible orchestra of sensory integration that happens constantly in conscious life?&nbsp; Without this integration of our senses, the world would be a barrage of </span><span style="line-height: 1.5;">overstimulation</span><span style="line-height: 1.5;"> –&nbsp;and reality would be very disorienting.&nbsp;</span></p><p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">In this episode of&nbsp;</span><em style="line-height: 1.5;">Two Guys on Your Head</em><span style="line-height: 1.5;">,&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Art&nbsp;Markman</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;and&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Bob Duke</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;explore the intricacies of the incredible sensory-processing systems that create cohesion for the world around us.</span><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/154102599&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true&amp;show_comments=true&amp;show_user=true&amp;show_reposts=false" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 13 Jun 2014 13:57:12 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 10593 at http://kut.org How Our Senses Work Together to Keep Us Sane Why Would You Think I Think That? How Theory of Mind Helps Us Interact http://kut.org/post/why-would-you-think-i-think-how-theory-mind-helps-us-interact <p>Who knows what?&nbsp;Essentially, this question is the basis of the complex concept called <a href="http://www.iep.utm.edu/theomind/">Theory of Mind</a> – which is very misleadingly labeled.&nbsp;No, it’s not a theory that explains how mind works, as you might assume. It’s a process within our minds that allows us to separate and distinguish between what we know ourselves and what we know that other people know – or don’t know.&nbsp; It’s a skill that is critical for accomplishing effective social interaction in the world.&nbsp;A better term might be Theory of Other People's Minds.</p><p><a href="http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Art Markman</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;and&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Bob Duke</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;do a wonderful job of explaining and dissecting this important skill in this week’s episode of Two Guys on Your Head.&nbsp;Have a listen and get smarter.</span>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/151905128&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 30 May 2014 14:03:58 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 10516 at http://kut.org Why Would You Think I Think That? How Theory of Mind Helps Us Interact How to Go All the Way in Online Dating http://kut.org/post/how-go-all-way-online-dating <p>Everybody knows somebody who's familiar with the online dating service experience.&nbsp;It's a fairly common way for people to meet and become romantically involved these days. But how is it different from more traditional dating and courtship?</p><p><a href="http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Art Markman</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;and&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Bob Duke</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;take a crack at online dating in this week’s episode of Two Guys on Your Head.</span><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/150817104&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 23 May 2014 14:00:26 +0000 Alicia Choina & Rebecca McInroy 10479 at http://kut.org How to Go All the Way in Online Dating Why We Keep Holding On to False Beliefs http://kut.org/post/why-we-keep-holding-false-beliefs <p>Our world these days is laden with a constant flow of information. It’s unavoidable.&nbsp;</p><p>But how do we determine what information to believe? Once we’ve made that choice, what if we later find out that the information was false? How do we shed false beliefs?</p><p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">On this week’s show, good doctors Art Markman and Bob Duke analyze the process of belief formation – and why our false beliefs are so insistent that we reconsider them.</span><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/147450559&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 02 May 2014 12:45:00 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 10343 at http://kut.org Why We Keep Holding On to False Beliefs Why Being Put On Hold is So Frustrating http://kut.org/post/why-being-put-hold-so-frustrating <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">Horrible music, incredible wait times and an inscrutable</span><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;labyrinth of phone prompts: We've all experienced the frustrations of being on hold. Even when we're on hold for a minute or so, blood pressure can spike when an automated voice answers the phone.</span></p><p>Why is being on hold so annoying? <a href="https://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman">Dr. Art&nbsp;Markman</a>&nbsp;and<a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">&nbsp;Dr. Bob Duke</a>&nbsp;<span style="line-height: 1.5;">will be with you shortly to explain it.&nbsp;</span></p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/145302963&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 18 Apr 2014 13:14:23 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 10248 at http://kut.org Why Being Put On Hold is So Frustrating How to Deal With Road Rage http://kut.org/post/how-deal-road-rage <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">Austin is now ranked as the fourth worst city in the nation for traffic. According to an annual </span><a href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/jimgorzelany/2014/03/04/the-most-traffic-jammed-cities-in-the-u-s/" style="line-height: 1.5;">traffic scorecard</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">, Austinites waste an average of 41 hours in traffic annually.&nbsp;</span></p><p>It’s no wonder then that we're encountering more vehicular aggression on overcrowded Austin roads. So what’s happening in our brains when we encounter that familiar feeling of intense frustration we call road rage? The Two Guys on Your Head, <a href="https://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman">Dr. Art Markman</a> and <a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">Dr. Bob Duke</a>, break it down in this week’s episode.<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/144101623&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:58:01 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 10196 at http://kut.org How to Deal With Road Rage How Metaphors Transform Simple Words Into Complex Concepts http://kut.org/post/how-metaphors-transform-simple-words-complex-concepts <p>Ever have those moments when you just can’t find the right words to express your thoughts? They happen. Articulation isn’t always easy.</p><p>Sometimes, words or language alone can't accurately express the complexity of thought.&nbsp;At those times, it can be very helpful to use an analogy or a metaphor to illustrate the fullness of the concept being expressed. Analogies and metaphors allow us to communicate complex concepts or ideas that transcend simple words.&nbsp;</p><p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">If you have a desire to develop good analogies or metaphors, the Two Guys on Your Head,&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.utexas.edu/gamechangers/past-speakers/art-markman" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Art&nbsp;Markman</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">&nbsp;and&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36" style="line-height: 1.5;">Dr. Bob Duke</a><span style="line-height: 1.5;">, have some tips that will blow your mind – metaphorically speaking.&nbsp;</span><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/140678644&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 21 Mar 2014 13:15:47 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 10013 at http://kut.org How Metaphors Transform Simple Words Into Complex Concepts How Our Brains Process Time http://kut.org/post/how-our-brains-process-time <p>Time flies when you're having fun, the old saying goes. But how can time – maybe the most fundamental concept of the universe – feel different under different conditions?</p><p>Our brains perceive time differently in different circumstances. When we pay close attention to something, tedium can set in and it can feel like time slows to a crawl.</p><p>Conversely, if our lives demand we juggle several different things at once, we tend to pay less attention to some activities – and time races by in a flash.</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/139098195&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 14 Mar 2014 14:02:11 +0000 Alicia Choina & Rebecca McInroy 9964 at http://kut.org How Our Brains Process Time How Going Out is Good for Your Brain http://kut.org/post/how-going-out-good-your-brain <p>Human beings are a social species. Our natural programming requires a certain amount of social contact with other people.&nbsp;</p><p>Shared experiences are simply a fundamental component of our needs as humans.&nbsp;We don’t just have a need for direct interaction and verbal communication either – there's all sorts of nonverbal communicative actions we take in the presence of others that we wouldn’t do alone.</p><p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">In this installment of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke take us through the psychological benefits of "going out" and mingling with our fellow humans.</span><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/138371505&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 07 Mar 2014 14:50:26 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 9913 at http://kut.org How Going Out is Good for Your Brain How to Crush Writer's Block http://kut.org/post/how-crush-writers-block <p>Writer’s block! That phrase might induce panic and a recollection of a familiar experience. It’s a very common phenomenon. So what is it?</p><p>When in the beginning stages of undertaking a new writing project, a writer might find themselves blocked – stuck in front of a blank page or screen with no thoughts coming to mind. This lack of creative flow is further exacerbated by anxiety over the lack of production – making it a self-perpetuating cycle that can lead to stagnation.&nbsp;</p><p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">In this edition of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke explain the ins and outs of how and why we sometimes get stuck – and what we can do to help ourselves in those difficult situations.</span>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/137107341&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 28 Feb 2014 15:09:05 +0000 Alicia Choina & Rebecca McInroy 9868 at http://kut.org How to Crush Writer's Block Why All Praise is Not Created Equal http://kut.org/post/why-all-praise-not-created-equal <p><span style="line-height: 1.5;">“Hey, you’re smart!”&nbsp; That feels good to hear, doesn’t it?&nbsp; Praise always feels good, but not all praise motivates us to try new things, challenge ourselves, or deal with failure.</span></p><p>In this episode of Two Guys on Your Head, Dr. Art Markman and Dr. Bob Duke discuss how to praise in a productive and meaningful way.</p><p>In summary, when giving or receiving praise, it’s a helpful skill to think about where that praise is directed. &nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/136007531&amp;color=ff5500&amp;auto_play=false&amp;hide_related=false&amp;show_artwork=true" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 21 Feb 2014 16:24:57 +0000 Alicia Choina & Rebecca McInroy 9826 at http://kut.org Why All Praise is Not Created Equal How to Learn From Failure http://kut.org/post/how-learn-failure <p></p><p>Failure is a scary word that carries a very negative connotation: “I’m a failure.” “He’s a failure.” “I don’t want to be a failure.”&nbsp;</p><p>The word failure arouses emotional responses that we’d usually rather avoid.&nbsp; What about the word success &nbsp;The thought of success arouses images of comfort, ease and satisfaction.&nbsp; Why? &nbsp;It’s because of something in our brains.&nbsp;</p><p>We’re wired with a dopamine reward system that releases positive or negative chemical affect in our brains depending upon the success or failure of our efforts.&nbsp; Success feels good, while failure feels bad. &nbsp;So we tend to seek success and avoid failure. It’s simple.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>But hang on a minute and let the Two Guys on Your Head, <a href="http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/psychology/faculty/markman">Dr. Art Markman</a> and <a href="http://www.music.utexas.edu/directory/details.aspx?id=36">Dr. Bob Duke,</a> tell you about a function of failure that is too often overlooked and discredited: Failure is a learning tool.&nbsp;</p><p><iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/115978318" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 18 Oct 2013 20:39:40 +0000 Alicia Choina & Rebecca McInroy 8970 at http://kut.org How to Learn From Failure Who Controls Your Destiny? http://kut.org/post/who-controls-your-destiny <p>So how do we define Locus of Control?&nbsp; Essentially, it&rsquo;s our positioning of ourselves within our perception of the world and the way that we perceive our power and influence.&nbsp;We can either feel in control of our lives &ndash; which is reassuring &ndash; or we can feel subjected to forces outside of our control &ndash; which we are then forced to endure.&nbsp;When that happens, we can feel stuck.&nbsp;</p><p>Feeling stuck, with no other options, often leads to prolonged periods of stress. That in turn can depress our health &ndash; physically, mentally and emotionally.&nbsp;But since we construct our perceptions of reality, we have the option to shift our locus of power. That way we can then redefine the source of power in any circumstance &ndash; taking it when needed, or giving it up when needed.&nbsp;(In some stressful circumstances, having less control over the outcome of a situation can actually be preferred.)<iframe frameborder="no" height="166" scrolling="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fapi.soundcloud.com%2Ftracks%2F114869096" width="100%"></iframe></p><p> Fri, 11 Oct 2013 18:12:33 +0000 Rebecca McInroy & Alicia Choina 8912 at http://kut.org Who Controls Your Destiny?